Borrowing Taylor’s ideas, school was not designed then to foster free thinkers.
Nor is it now, thanks to how teacher pay and job security have been tied to student performance on standardized tests.
“What we’re teaching today is obedience, conformity, following orders,” says the education historian Diane Ravitch, author of The Death and Life of the Great American School System.
“We’re certainly not teaching kids to think outside the box.” The motto of the so-called school-reform movement is: No Excuses.
“The message is: It’s up to you. Grit means it’s your problem. Just bear down and do what you have to do.”